Countries Starting with G

How many countries starting with letter G? There are 11 countries that start with the letter “G.” Here is a detailed exploration of each:

1. Gabon

Gabon is located on the west coast of Central Africa. Rich in oil and mineral reserves, it is one of the most prosperous countries in the Sub-Saharan African region, though this wealth has not been evenly distributed among its population. Gabon’s political system has been stable compared to its neighbors, with a strong presidency at its core. The country has vast tracts of protected parkland, which attract tourists looking for a glimpse of Central Africa’s wildlife and untouched landscapes. Despite its natural wealth, Gabon faces challenges such as dependency on oil revenues and the need for more diversified economic development.

  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Largest City: Libreville
  • Population: Approximately 2.1 million
  • Area: 267,668 square kilometers
  • Official Language: French
  • Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
  • Political System: Presidential republic

2. Gambia

The Gambia is the smallest country within mainland Africa, bordered by Senegal and the Atlantic Ocean. It has a narrow Atlantic coastline and is known for its diverse ecosystems around the central Gambia River. Agriculture, fishing, and tourism are staples of its economy. The Gambia has experienced political instability, including a two-decade-long dictatorship, which ended in 2017. The country is now working towards a more democratic governance structure. Despite economic challenges, it maintains a reputation for its rich culture and friendly people, which continue to draw tourists.

  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Banjul
  • Largest City: Serekunda
  • Population: Approximately 2.4 million
  • Area: 10,689 square kilometers
  • Official Language: English
  • Currency: Gambian dalasi (GMD)
  • Political System: Presidential republic

3. Georgia

Georgia is situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Known for its diverse landscapes and deep-rooted history, Georgia’s culture is influenced by European, Persian, and Russian heritage. It has a strong tradition in wine-making, claiming to be one of the oldest wine regions in the world. Georgia’s economy is diverse, including agriculture, mining, and a growing service sector. Politically, it has been marked by efforts to integrate more closely with Western institutions like the EU and NATO, although Russian influence remains significant, especially in the breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

  • Continent: Europe (Transcontinental in Asia)
  • Capital: Tbilisi
  • Largest City: Tbilisi
  • Population: Approximately 3.7 million
  • Area: 69,700 square kilometers
  • Official Language: Georgian
  • Currency: Georgian lari (GEL)
  • Political System: Parliamentary republic

4. Germany

Germany, located in Central Europe, is known for its pivotal role in European and world history. It is the largest economy in Europe, driven by industrial and technological sectors. Post-World War II, Germany was divided into East and West, reunifying in 1990. Today, it is recognized for its high quality of life, robust social systems, and influence within European and global politics. Germany has a strong cultural legacy in philosophy, music, sports, and the arts. The country is a key member of the European Union and NATO, playing a significant role in global economic, political, and security issues.

  • Continent: Europe
  • Capital: Berlin
  • Largest City: Berlin
  • Population: Approximately 83 million
  • Area: 357,022 square kilometers
  • Official Language: German
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Political System: Federal parliamentary republic

5. Ghana

Ghana, located in West Africa, was the first African country south of the Sahara to gain independence from colonial rule in 1957. It has a reputation for stability in a region often troubled by conflict. Ghana’s economy is one of the strongest in Africa, buoyed by rich natural resources, a well-developed legal and corporate framework, and an increasingly skilled workforce. It is known for its vibrant culture, hospitality, and the dynamic traditions of its ethnic groups, including the Ashanti. Tourism, cocoa, gold, and recently oil, are major contributors to its economy.

  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Accra
  • Largest City: Accra
  • Population: Approximately 31 million
  • Area: 238,533 square kilometers
  • Official Language: English
  • Currency: Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
  • Political System: Presidential republic

6. Greece

Greece is located in Southeastern Europe, known for its rich history and as the cradle of Western civilization. It is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific principles, and drama. Today, Greece has a high-income economy and a high quality of life. The recent financial crises revealed significant challenges in its economic structure, which it has been addressing within the broader framework of the European Union’s monetary and fiscal policies. Greece’s extensive coastline and islands are major tourist destinations, renowned for their historical sites and natural beauty.

  • Continent: Europe
  • Capital: Athens
  • Largest City: Athens
  • Population: Approximately 10.4 million
  • Area: 131,957 square kilometers
  • Official Language: Greek
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Political System: Parliamentary republic

7. Grenada

Grenada is an island country in the Caribbean, also known as the “Island of Spice” due to its production of nutmeg and mace crops. The island has a mountainous landscape with some of the beautiful rainforests in the region, and it has made significant strides in developing its economy beyond agriculture to include tourism and education services. Grenada experienced a revolutionary government in the late 20th century, which was followed by a U.S. military intervention. Today, it is a stable democracy with developing economic sectors.

  • Continent: North America
  • Capital: St. George’s
  • Largest City: St. George’s
  • Population: Approximately 112,000
  • Area: 344 square kilometers
  • Official Language: English
  • Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
  • Political System: Parliamentary democracy

8. Guatemala

Guatemala, located in Central America, has a rich indigenous culture that dates back to the Maya civilization. It has a diverse landscape that includes rainforests, volcanoes, and mountain ranges. Despite its cultural and natural riches, Guatemala faces significant challenges such as political corruption, poverty, and crime, which have been exacerbated by a history of internal conflict and instability. Coffee and sugar are its main exports, but the country is working to diversify its economy to include more tourism and technology sectors.

  • Continent: North America
  • Capital: Guatemala City
  • Largest City: Guatemala City
  • Population: Approximately 17.2 million
  • Area: 108,889 square kilometers
  • Official Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Guatemalan quetzal (GTQ)
  • Political System: Presidential republic

9. Guinea

Guinea is a resource-rich country in West Africa, known for possessing the world’s largest reserves of bauxite and significant quantities of iron, gold, and diamonds. Despite these natural resources, it remains one of the poorest countries in the world due to poor governance, corruption, and political instability. Guinea gained independence from France in 1958 and has struggled with political and social strife, marked by several military coups. The country has a diverse culture, with several ethnic groups influencing its languages, music, and traditions.

  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Conakry
  • Largest City: Conakry
  • Population: Approximately 12.8 million
  • Area: 245,857 square kilometers
  • Official Language: French
  • Currency: Guinean franc (GNF)
  • Political System: Presidential republic

10. Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau is a small West African country located on the Atlantic coast, bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east. Its capital and largest city is Bissau. Guinea-Bissau is known for its diverse ethnic groups, vibrant music, and rich cultural heritage. The country has faced political instability and economic challenges since gaining independence from Portugal in 1973. With a population of approximately 1.9 million people, Guinea-Bissau covers an area of 36,125 square kilometers. Portuguese is the official language, and the currency is the West African CFA franc.

  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Bissau
  • Largest City: Bissau
  • Population: Approximately 1.9 million
  • Area: 36,125 square kilometers
  • Official Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: West African CFA Franc
  • Political System: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

11. Guyana

Located on the northern coast of South America, Guyana is known for its dense rainforest, which is part of the Amazonian forests, and rich biodiversity. English-speaking and with cultural ties to the Caribbean, Guyana’s history is marked by a blend of ethnicities and cultures, including Indigenous peoples, Africans, Indians, and Europeans. It has a mixed economy heavily reliant on agriculture and mining sectors, particularly sugar, gold, and bauxite. Guyana is a member of CARICOM and has been working towards more sustainable development, including significant oil discoveries that could transform its economy.

  • Continent: South America
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Largest City: Georgetown
  • Population: Approximately 787,000
  • Area: 214,969 square kilometers
  • Official Language: English
  • Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)
  • Political System: Parliamentary republic