English Speaking Countries

English, a Germanic language originating from England, has become a global lingua franca, spoken by millions of people around the world. Its widespread use can be attributed to centuries of British colonialism, trade, and cultural exchange. Today, English serves as the primary language of communication in numerous countries, each with its own unique dialects, accents, and cultural nuances. Here, we will list all the 56 English-speaking countries.

1. United Kingdom: The Birthplace of English

Historical Overview

The United Kingdom, comprising England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, is the birthplace of the English language. Its rich history is shaped by Celtic, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, and Norman influences, which have contributed to the development of English over the centuries. The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 marked a significant milestone in the evolution of the language, introducing French vocabulary and influencing its grammar and pronunciation.

Language and Culture

English is the official language of the United Kingdom and serves as a symbol of national identity. British culture is diverse and multifaceted, encompassing literature, music, art, and cuisine. From the plays of William Shakespeare to the music of The Beatles, British contributions to global culture are profound and enduring.

2. United States: The Global Superpower

Historical Overview

The United States, located in North America, has emerged as a global superpower with English as its dominant language. English colonization of North America in the 17th century laid the foundation for the spread of the language across the continent. The American Revolutionary War in the late 18th century led to the independence of the United States from Britain and the establishment of English as its official language.

Language and Culture

English is the de facto official language of the United States, spoken by the majority of its population. American culture is characterized by its diversity, innovation, and entrepreneurial spirit. From Hollywood movies to jazz music and fast food, American contributions to global culture are ubiquitous and influential.

3. Canada: Bilingualism and Beyond

Historical Overview

Canada, located in North America, is known for its linguistic and cultural diversity. English and French colonization of Canada in the 17th and 18th centuries led to the establishment of bilingualism in many regions, particularly in Quebec. The Canadian Confederation in 1867 recognized English and French as official languages, reflecting the country’s commitment to linguistic diversity.

Language and Culture

English is one of the two official languages of Canada, alongside French. Canadian culture is a blend of Indigenous, French, British, and multicultural influences, with regional variations across the country. From ice hockey to poutine and maple syrup, Canadian traditions and symbols are cherished by people both at home and abroad.

4. Australia: The Land Down Under

Historical Overview

Australia, located in Oceania, is known for its stunning landscapes, unique wildlife, and vibrant cities. English colonization of Australia in the 18th century led to the establishment of English as the dominant language. The colonization process also had profound impacts on Indigenous languages and cultures, many of which are endangered today.

Language and Culture

English is the official language of Australia, spoken by the majority of its population. Australian culture is characterized by its laid-back attitude, love of the outdoors, and multiculturalism. From Aboriginal art to surf culture and Australian cinema, the country’s contributions to global culture are diverse and distinctive.

5. New Zealand: The Land of the Long White Cloud

Historical Overview

New Zealand, located in Oceania, is known for its breathtaking landscapes, Maori heritage, and friendly locals. English colonization of New Zealand in the 19th century led to the establishment of English as the dominant language, alongside the preservation of Maori language and culture. The Treaty of Waitangi in 1840 marked a key moment in New Zealand’s history, establishing British sovereignty while recognizing Maori rights.

Language and Culture

English is the predominant language of New Zealand, spoken by the majority of its population. New Zealand culture is a fusion of Maori, British, Pacific Island, and multicultural influences. From rugby to the haka and the films of Peter Jackson, New Zealand’s cultural exports are celebrated worldwide.

6. Ireland: Emerald Isle of English Literature

Historical Overview

Ireland, located in Europe, is known for its lush landscapes, rich history, and literary heritage. English colonization of Ireland in the 16th and 17th centuries led to the spread of English language and culture, alongside the preservation of Irish Gaelic traditions. The Irish Literary Revival in the late 19th and early 20th centuries produced celebrated authors such as James Joyce, W.B. Yeats, and Samuel Beckett.

Language and Culture

English is the predominant language of Ireland, spoken by the majority of its population. Irish culture is steeped in mythology, folklore, music, and dance, with traditions such as Gaelic football and traditional music sessions thriving across the country. From Guinness to Riverdance and St. Patrick’s Day celebrations, Irish culture has left an indelible mark on the world stage.

7. South Africa: Rainbow Nation of Languages

Historical Overview

South Africa, located in Africa, is known for its diverse population, stunning landscapes, and complex history. English colonization of South Africa in the 19th century, alongside Dutch and indigenous influences, led to the establishment of English as one of the country’s official languages. The end of apartheid in 1994 marked a new era of democracy and multiculturalism in South Africa.

Language and Culture

English is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa, reflecting its multicultural society. South African culture is a vibrant tapestry of African, European, and Asian influences, with traditions such as braai (barbecue), township music, and indigenous art flourishing across the country. From Nelson Mandela to Desmond Tutu and Miriam Makeba, South Africans have made significant contributions to global culture and politics.

Other Countries

Here’s a list of other English-speaking countries organized by continent:


  1. Botswana
  2. Cameroon (alongside French)
  3. Eswatini (Swaziland)
  4. Gambia
  5. Ghana
  6. Kenya
  7. Lesotho
  8. Liberia
  9. Malawi
  10. Mauritius
  11. Namibia
  12. Nigeria
  13. Rwanda (alongside Kinyarwanda, French, and Swahili)
  14. Seychelles (alongside French and Seychellois Creole)
  15. Sierra Leone
  16. South Africa (one of 11 official languages)
  17. South Sudan
  18. Tanzania (alongside Swahili)
  19. Uganda
  20. Zambia
  21. Zimbabwe


  1. India (alongside Hindi and various regional languages)
  2. Malaysia (alongside Malay)
  3. Pakistan (alongside Urdu)
  4. Philippines (alongside Filipino)
  5. Singapore (one of four official languages)
  6. Sri Lanka (alongside Sinhala and Tamil)


  1. Malta (alongside Maltese)

North America

  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Dominica
  6. Grenada
  7. Jamaica
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  9. Saint Lucia
  10. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  11. Trinidad and Tobago


  1. Fiji (alongside Fijian and Hindi)
  2. Kiribati
  3. Marshall Islands
  4. Micronesia
  5. Nauru
  6. New Zealand
  7. Palau
  8. Papua New Guinea (alongside Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu)
  9. Samoa (alongside Samoan)
  10. Solomon Islands
  11. Tonga (alongside Tongan)
  12. Tuvalu
  13. Vanuatu (alongside Bislama and French)

South America

  1. Guyana