Famous Landmarks in Armenia

Armenia, often referred to as the “Land of Noah” due to its biblical associations, is a hidden gem in the Caucasus region. With a history spanning thousands of years, Armenia is home to some of the world’s oldest churches, monasteries, and archaeological sites.

Top 10 Famous Landmarks in Armenia

The country’s compact size makes it easy to explore its diverse landscapes, from lush forests and alpine meadows to rugged mountains and dramatic canyons. In addition to its rich cultural heritage, Armenia also offers modern amenities, vibrant cities, and warm hospitality.

Tourism in Armenia has been steadily growing in recent years, with visitors drawn to its ancient landmarks, traditional cuisine, and outdoor adventures. The government has invested in infrastructure improvements and tourism promotion initiatives to enhance the visitor experience and support sustainable tourism development.

Whether you’re exploring the ancient monasteries of Geghard and Tatev, admiring the natural beauty of Lake Sevan and Mount Ararat, or sampling local wines in the vineyards of the Ararat Valley, Armenia promises a unique and unforgettable travel experience. With its rich history, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality, Armenia invites travelers to discover the beauty and charm of this fascinating country.

Armenia, a country rich in history and culture, boasts a wealth of famous landmarks that attract visitors from around the world. From ancient monasteries perched on mountaintops to stunning natural landscapes, Armenia offers travelers a diverse range of experiences. Let’s explore the top 10 famous landmarks in Armenia by popularity, along with essential details for travelers.

  1. Geghard Monastery

Geghard Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a medieval Armenian monastery complex carved into the rock of the Azat River Gorge. Founded in the 4th century, Geghard is renowned for its unique architectural style and intricate carvings, including numerous khachkars (cross-stones).

Location: Geghard Monastery is located in the Kotayk Province, about 40 kilometers southeast of the capital city, Yerevan.

Ticket Price: The entrance fee for Geghard Monastery is approximately 1,500 Armenian Dram (AMD), equivalent to about $3 USD.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Geghard Monastery is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, which serves domestic and international flights.

Railway Stations: Armenia’s railway network does not extend to Geghard Monastery. Travelers can reach the nearby town of Garni by train and then take a taxi or bus to the monastery.

Special Attention: Visitors should explore the nearby Azat River Gorge and the Temple of Garni, another iconic landmark located in close proximity to Geghard Monastery.

  1. Tatev Monastery

Tatev Monastery is a medieval Armenian monastery complex located on a rocky plateau overlooking the Vorotan River Gorge. Founded in the 9th century, Tatev is famous for its architectural grandeur, historic significance, and breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

Location: Tatev Monastery is situated in the Syunik Province, in southeastern Armenia, near the town of Tatev.

Ticket Price: The cost of a round-trip ticket on the Wings of Tatev aerial tramway, which provides access to the monastery, is approximately 8,000 Armenian Dram (AMD), equivalent to about $16 USD.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Tatev Monastery is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 300 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: The nearest railway station to Tatev Monastery is in the town of Goris, which is about 30 kilometers away. From there, visitors can take a taxi or bus to reach the monastery.

Special Attention: Don’t miss the opportunity to ride the Wings of Tatev, one of the longest reversible aerial tramways in the world, offering stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.

  1. Khor Virap Monastery

Khor Virap Monastery is a historic Armenian monastery located at the foot of Mount Ararat, near the border with Turkey. Founded in the 4th century, Khor Virap is famous for its association with Saint Gregory the Illuminator, who was imprisoned in a pit beneath the monastery for 13 years.

Location: Khor Virap Monastery is situated in the Ararat Province, about 40 kilometers south of Yerevan.

Ticket Price: There is no entrance fee to visit Khor Virap Monastery, but donations are appreciated.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Khor Virap Monastery is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 50 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: The nearest railway station to Khor Virap Monastery is in the town of Artashat, about 10 kilometers away. From there, visitors can take a taxi or bus to reach the monastery.

Special Attention: Climb to the top of the monastery’s bell tower for breathtaking views of Mount Ararat and the surrounding Ararat Plain.

  1. Garni Temple

Garni Temple is an ancient Hellenic temple located in the village of Garni, overlooking the Azat River Gorge. Built in the 1st century AD, Garni Temple is the only surviving pagan temple in Armenia and is dedicated to the sun god Mihr.

Location: Garni Temple is situated in the Kotayk Province, about 30 kilometers southeast of Yerevan.

Ticket Price: The entrance fee for Garni Temple is approximately 1,000 Armenian Dram (AMD), equivalent to about $2 USD.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Garni Temple is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 40 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: Armenia’s railway network does not extend to Garni Temple. Travelers can reach the nearby town of Garni by bus or taxi from Yerevan.

Special Attention: Explore the nearby Garni Gorge, home to fascinating geological formations, including basalt columns known as the “Symphony of Stones.”

  1. Lake Sevan and Sevanavank Monastery

Lake Sevan is the largest lake in Armenia and one of the largest freshwater high-altitude lakes in the world. Located at an altitude of over 1,900 meters above sea level, Lake Sevan is known for its stunning blue waters and scenic surroundings. Sevanavank Monastery, situated on the shores of Lake Sevan, dates back to the 9th century and offers panoramic views of the lake and surrounding mountains.

Location: Lake Sevan is located in the Gegharkunik Province, in central-northern Armenia, approximately 60 kilometers northeast of Yerevan.

Ticket Price: There is no entrance fee to visit Lake Sevan or Sevanavank Monastery.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Lake Sevan is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 70 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: Armenia’s railway network does not extend to Lake Sevan. Travelers can reach the lake by bus or taxi from Yerevan.

Special Attention: Enjoy local specialties such as fresh fish from Lake Sevan and traditional Armenian barbecue (kebab) at restaurants along the lakeshore.

  1. Matenadaran

Matenadaran, officially known as the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, is a repository of ancient Armenian manuscripts and documents. Located in the heart of Yerevan, Matenadaran houses a vast collection of over 23,000 manuscripts, including illuminated Gospel books, historical chronicles, and scientific treatises.

Location: Matenadaran is located in the Kentron District of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia.

Ticket Price: The entrance fee for Matenadaran is approximately 1,000 Armenian Dram (AMD), equivalent to about $2 USD.

Nearby Airports: Matenadaran is located in Yerevan, so the nearest airport is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN), which serves domestic and international flights.

Railway Stations: Yerevan has a railway station located in the city center, making it easily accessible by train from other parts of Armenia.

Special Attention: Guided tours of Matenadaran are available in multiple languages and offer insight into Armenia’s literary and cultural heritage.

  1. Erebuni Fortress

Erebuni Fortress, also known as Arin Berd, is an ancient Urartian fortress located on a hilltop overlooking modern-day Yerevan. Founded in 782 BC by King Argishti I, Erebuni Fortress is considered one of the oldest settlements in Yerevan and served as the administrative center of the Urartian kingdom.

Location: Erebuni Fortress is situated on the outskirts of Yerevan, near the Erebuni District of the city.

Ticket Price: The entrance fee for Erebuni Fortress is approximately 1,000 Armenian Dram (AMD), equivalent to about $2 USD.

Nearby Airports: Erebuni Fortress is located in Yerevan, so the nearest airport is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN).

Railway Stations: Yerevan has a railway station located in the city center, making it easily accessible by train from other parts of Armenia.

Special Attention: Visit the Erebuni Museum located near the fortress, which showcases artifacts and exhibits related to the history of Erebuni and ancient Yerevan.

  1. Noravank Monastery

Noravank Monastery is a medieval Armenian monastery complex located in a picturesque canyon of the Amaghu River. Founded in the 12th century, Noravank is known for its stunning architecture, intricate stone carvings, and richly decorated facades.

Location: Noravank Monastery is situated in the Vayots Dzor Province, in southern Armenia, near the town of Yeghegnadzor.

Ticket Price: There is no entrance fee to visit Noravank Monastery, but donations are appreciated.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Noravank Monastery is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 150 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: Armenia’s railway network does not extend to Noravank Monastery. Travelers can reach the nearby town of Yeghegnadzor by bus or taxi from Yerevan.

Special Attention: Explore the surrounding Amaghu River Gorge, known for its dramatic red rock formations and scenic hiking trails.

  1. Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries

Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries are two medieval Armenian monastic complexes located in the Lori Province, in northern Armenia. Both monasteries are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and are renowned for their architectural significance, intricate stone carvings, and historic importance.

Location: Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries are situated near the town of Alaverdi, in the Lori Province of Armenia.

Ticket Price: There is no entrance fee to visit Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries, but donations are appreciated.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries is Shirak International Airport (LWN) in Gyumri, approximately 90 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: Alaverdi, the nearest town to Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries, does not have a railway station. Travelers can reach Alaverdi by bus or taxi from Yerevan or Gyumri.

Special Attention: Take time to explore the nearby Debed River Gorge and the surrounding countryside, which is known for its scenic beauty and historic significance.

  1. Ararat Province and Mount Ararat

Ararat Province, named after the iconic Mount Ararat, is one of the most historically significant regions in Armenia. Mount Ararat, a dormant volcanic mountain, is considered a national symbol of Armenia and is believed to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark.

Location: Ararat Province is located in the western part of Armenia, bordering Turkey and Iran.

Ticket Price: There is no entrance fee to visit Mount Ararat, but access to certain areas may be restricted.

Nearby Airports: The nearest airport to Mount Ararat is Zvartnots International Airport (EVN) in Yerevan, approximately 60 kilometers away.

Railway Stations: Armenia’s railway network does not extend to Mount Ararat. Travelers can reach the nearby town of Artashat by train from Yerevan and then take a bus or taxi to explore the region.

Special Attention: For the best views of Mount Ararat, visit Khor Virap Monastery, located nearby, which offers unobstructed panoramas of the mountain from across the border in Armenia.